It’s interesting to note that the aging dog (like his master) is also prone to prostatic enlargement, but (unlike his master) doesn’t frequently develop retention of urine. However, due to the bulging upwards from the enlarged prostate the dog’s rectum is compressed. This engenders a feeling of continuous fullness within the rectum and induces straining. The prostates of eunuchs are small and underdeveloped, and enlargement of the prostate is unknown.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is one of the most common diseases to affect men beyond the middle age. The prevalence goes up with age, and thus the total number of patients is increasing as a result of aging population. A majority of these people suffer gradual progression of symptoms and also the concomitant discomfort, and require either medical or surgical treatment. The growth and development from the prostate is under the influence of male hormone “testosterone”.
Rather surprisingly, there’s no close correlation between the size from the prostate and also the extent of outflow obstruction. However, the larger the prostate, the greater may be the risk of BPH complications for example acute urinary retention and the need for surgery.
BPH is generally a slowly progressive situation. An average increase in the prostate is 1-2 cm per year. BPH is the most typical condition affecting the prostate accounting for over 80 per cent of prostate disease. The defined risk factor for BPH is age. Clinical BPH seems to run in families.
Within the early stages from the illness, the patient complains of hesitancy, a reduced stream and incomplete bladder emptying and then frequency, urgency and nocturia. Later on, prolonged micturition, acute urinary retention, urge incontinence, and so on, can have a negative effect on the high quality of life and might be associated with sexual dysfunction like erectile dysfunction and disorders of ejaculation.
The treatment of BPH can be with the help of medicines or by going in for surgery. Some of the medicines utilized are Finasteride, Duatasteride, Terazosin, Alfuzosin and Tamsulosin. Adverse side- effects of these medicines could be erectile dysfunction, decreased libido, reduced ejaculation, drowsiness, headache, dizziness, postural hypotention, and so on.